Why did abolishing fees not increase public school enrollment in Kenya?", Dataset for CGD Working Paper 271


This data is made available by the Centre for the Study of African Economies at the University of Oxford. Permission for use of the data for academic research is given by the Centre. We would ask that the use of the data, its sources, and the financing for the surveys be acknowledged.

This data was funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) as part of the Improving Institutions for Pro-Poor Growth (iiG), a research consortium aimed at studying how to improve institutions in Africa and South-Asia. Any views expressed are not necessarily those of DFID.


The data available here is for the following iiG working paper:

Tessa Bold, Mwangi Kimenyi, and Germano Mwabu, Justin Sandefur. "Why did abolishing school fees not increase public school enrollment in Kenya?" CGD Working Paper 271, October 2011.

The files explain how to replicate the results of the above paper. The paper relies on two sources of data:

  • (i) Household survey data from the 1997 WMS and 2006 KIHBS, conducted by the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS). While the KNBS terms and conditions explicitly prohibit us from distributing the raw data directly, both data sets are publicly available through the KNBS web site. Further details can be found here: http://www.knbs.or.ke.

  • (ii) Standardized test scores from the KCPE exam.