One strand of this programme tackles the challenges of macroeconomic management in Africa, often in collaboration with the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Working with African policymakers, the CSAE has been instrumental in editing a series of volumes on the economic challenges in particular countries – most recently a book focusing on Tanzania was published. Another strand looks at fundamental assumptions about growth, and its geographical and sectoral dimensions. Should Africa industrialize? What is the role of agriculture? Is urbanization an engine of growth on the continent? Answers to questions such as these often go against the grain, offering an important antidote to common simplistic narratives about African development.